The EB-5 visa is an immigrant visa for investors, entrepreneurs, and anyone who is looking to start a business in the USA. To qualify for an EB-5 visa, you must invest at least USD 500,000 in a US business. Additionally, the business invested in must create 10 full-time jobs for US workers.
The E-2 Investor Visa allows an individual to enter and work in the United States based on an investment in a US business. The non-immigrant E2 visa is valid for three months to five years (depending on the country of origin) and can be extended indefinitely. The investment must be “substantial”, generally at least $100,000 in a startup, business, or franchise.
The E-2 visa is NOT available to citizens of certain countries, such as Peru.
The L1A visa is a non-immigrant visa for foreign executives or managers being transferred to their company’s US offices. The L1A individual visa is one of the L1 visa types for intra-company transferees and allows US employers to transfer foreign employees in executive or managerial positions to one of their affiliated offices in the US. The L-1 visa also allows employers to bring foreign employees to the US with the purpose of establishing a new US branch, subsidiary, or affiliate of their organization.
The H-1B is a non-immigrant visa in the United States that allows US employers to temporarily employ foreign workers in specialty occupations. A specialty occupation requires the application of specialized knowledge and a bachelor’s degree or the equivalent of work experience. The duration of stay is three years, extendable to six years; after which the visa holder may need to reapply.
EB2 for advanced degree and specialized professions
The EB2 immigrant visa is a green card option available to those with exceptional ability or advanced degrees. There are three categories under EB2. The EB2-A category is for those who hold advanced degrees. The EB2-B category is for those with exceptional ability. The EB2-C category is for people for whom their permanent residence is in the national interest of the United States.
Many visas allow for temporary work or study; fewer offer long-term residency. Most visas for specialists, professionals, and high net worth individuals don’t automatically result in residency.
Of the 5 visas profiled above, only 2 ( EB5 and EB2) are truly immigrant visas.
Both of these are niche/ specialist visas:
In the case of the EB-5 visa, residency is bestowed through substantial investment (USD 500,000 +)
And with the EB-2, residency is bestowed via exceptional education or talent.
To note, the E2 Visa, while not an immigration visa, can be renewed as long as one owns or manages a business. However, it is not available for residents of Peru.